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Global evidence indicates that currently, there are more displaced people than at any point since World War II. In 2016 approximately 80 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance, and over 75% were women and children (EWEC-2016). Worldwide, pregnancy-related death is the second most common cause of death of women of reproductive age. More advocacy towards reducing maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, particularly in the worst places such as in humanitarian and crisis settings where it is difficult to measure adequately is needed. The main purpose of this study was to obtain accurate estimates of the number of Pregnancy-Related Deaths (PRD) and documenting the cause  and associated conditions among all women of reproductive age (WRA) who died within the first year after the influx of the Rohingya Population, (September 2017 – August 2018) in Cox's Bazar Bangladesh. This study also aimed to establish a foundation of the surveillance system that will lead to adequate and effective responses.